Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

 research on the disease caused by lice

For most of us, spring signifies the return of life to a bleak landscape, bringing birds chirping, tree buds, and lilies blooming. But if you work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the arrival of spring means the return of evil diseases spread by lice and mosquitoes. Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

The killjoys at CDC celebrates the end of winter with a disappointing from a paper indicating that the infection spreads with double-ticks in the United States from 2004 to 2016. (Population of ticks has exploded in recent decades, perhaps because climate change and loss of biodiversity .) Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

Lyme disease

The most common infectious disease spread by fleas in the US is Lyme disease. There were 19,804 confirmed cases of Lyme in 2004, compared to 36,429 in 2016. Due to incomplete testing and reporting, these figures are almost certainly dismissive. There may be as many as 329,000 cases of Lyme disease in the United States every year . New England, the mid-Atlantic states, and Minnesota and Wisconsin are responsible for 95% of reported cases.

While Lyme disease can cause fever, rash, meningitis, Bell's palsy and arthritis, rarely kills. More worrying is the surge of deadly disease spread by ticks, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and babesiosis.

Other serious tickborne diseases

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is the wrong name. Although that is the case in many places in the United States, including the Rocky Mountains, this is most common in southern Appalachians and the Ozarks; 60% of cases were diagnosed in North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. The RMSF case report increased from 1713 in 2004 to 4,269 in 2016. Patients with RMSF have high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and rash with red dots or red patches. The rash may not be present early in the disease. Even with treatment, RMSF is fatal in up to 4% of cases.

Anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis resemble RMSF, except for less prominent rashes (and rarely in anaplasmosis). Anaplasmosis is lethal in 0.5% of cases, while ehrlichiosis kills 1% to 2% of patients. The second case of the disease increased from 875 in 2004 to 5,750 in 2016. Anaplasmosis is most common in New York, New Jersey, New England, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, while ehrlichiosis is abundant in the southeastern and southern parts of the central United States.

Babesiosis is a malaria-like tickborne disease, which causes severe fever, headache, body aches, anemia, and liver and kidney damage. Cases increased from 1,128 in 2011, the first year was a reportable disease, becoming 1,910 by 2016. In the US, most commonly on the New England coasts and parts of New York, New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.

As if that's not enough to worry about, we still find new infections that are spread by ticks, including Bourbon virus that kills a man in Bourbon County, Kansas, in 2014, and Virus Heartland was first diagnosed with two Missouri farmers in 2009.

Infections propagated by mosquitoes

If flea-propagated infections continue to increase, mosquito-propagated infections tend to have more waxing patterns and waning. The West Nile virus, which first came to the United States in 1999, has flared repeatedly in the continent since then. Other exotic viruses, such as Zika, dengue fever, and chikungunya, have caused major outbreaks in Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the US Virgin Islands, with occasional spillovers to the continent of the United States. Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

How to protect against lice and mosquitoes Avoid walking in bush areas with scrub, bushes, tall grass, and leaf litter, where many lice.
  • When walking in the forest, stay in the middle of the cleared path.
  • Tick repellent containing picaridin, IR3535, or at least 20% DEET will provide several hours of protection against exposed skin. Clothes and camping gear can be treated with a spray containing 0.5% permethrin.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a search tool to help you find safe and effective mosquito repellent and ticks.
  • in your body in a full-sized mirror and bath or shower as soon as you go inside will help you identify and eliminate the fleas.
  • Fleas like to hide in protected areas. When checking their children out for lice, parents should pay particular attention to the scalp and ears, shoulder blades, waist, navel, and behind the knee and between the legs.
  • Fleas are particularly susceptible to heat and dehydration. Wash your clothes in hot water, or place them in a dryer at high temperatures, have to kill the lice that are hiding in them. Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

What to do if you find a check mark on your skin

  • If you find lice attached to your body, use fine-tipped tweezers (jeweler 's) to remove them. Hold it next to the skin and apply a steady and gentle pressure. Do not pull or rotate ticks, as this may cause the piece of the mouth to break and stick to your skin. Do not apply nail polish or petroleum jelly into the flea, or try to burn it!
  • Clean up the location of the bite afterwards with soap and water, iodine, or alcohol.
  • If you develop a rash at the site of a bite or feel sick, see your doctor.

Ticked off: America’s quiet epidemic of tickborne diseases

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